A Denial of Service (DoS) is a cyberattack meant to shut down a machine or network, making it inaccessible to its intended users. DoS attacks accomplish this by flooding the target with traffic, or sending it information that triggers a crash.
Ransomware is essentially digital extortion executed through software that uses encryption techniques to keep files — and entire systems — locked from use by their original owner, and holds them hostage.
Malware (“malicious software”) is an umbrella term that describes any malicious program or code that is harmful to systems. Hostile, intrusive, and intentionally nasty, malware seeks to invade, damage, or disable computers
Phishing attacks work by getting us to share sensitive information like our usernames and passwords, often against normal logic and reasoning, by using social engineering to manipulate our emotions, such as greed and fear. A typical phishing attack will start with an email spoofed, or faked, to look like it’s coming from a company you do business with or a trusted coworker.
Spyware is a type of malware that infects your computer or network and steals information about you, your Internet usage, and any other valuable data it can get its hands on. It’s one of many methods of a cybersecurity breach.
As one of several types of cybersecurity breach, an SQL injection (SQLI) is a type of attack that exploits weaknesses in the database management software of unsecure websites in order to get the website to spit out information from the database that it’s really not supposed to release.
As one of several types of cybersecurity breach, an exploit is a type of attack that takes advantage of software bugs or vulnerabilities, which cybercriminals use to gain unauthorized access to a system and data.
A cyber attack is an assault launched by cybercriminals using one or more computers against a single or multiple computers or networks. Cybercriminals use methods including malware, botnets, PUPs, and phishing.
A breach comes as a result of a cyberattack that allows cybercriminals to gain unauthorized access to a computer system and steal confidential data. Exploits, phishing and other methods are used.
Application security is important because today’s applications are often available over various networks and connected to the Cloud, increasing vulnerabilities to security threats and breaches.